South Road Village

SOUTH (Range) ROAD VILLAGE

This part of town has seen many enterprises, industries and building over the years.

  • TAVERNS & LODGING:  1767 Andrew and Mathew Pettingill Tavern, first tavern in town erected by Andrew Pettengill near the current Pettengnill House, corner of Old Coach road and rte 4.  Used as a town meeting location. Torn down.  1795 Stephen Webster House (n/w corner of Crossroads junction of rte 4 and rte 127) converted to 2 story Inn & Tavern 1795 by Josiah Rogers. Salisbury Hotel became “Smiths temperance House”. Later called “Elm House” and destroyed by fire July 15, 1882. See photos below.  Also see Kearsarge Cottage below under FIRE.
  • Congregational Church build 1791 with some materials from original structure removed from Searle’s Hill, remolded 1835
  • MANUFACTURING:  John White’s Store & later Glove Factory (see photo below) approx 1806, behind corner colonial at junction of Rte 127 and on Rte. 4. 1858 Shoe Store.  Burned 1947.  Site of Kearsarge telephone Building.  T.D. Little Bull Rake Factory behind Pettengill House near the corner of Old Coach Road and  which he owned from 1816-1899. Site of steam run Grist mill.  Cement Block Workshop prior to the 1940’s on Little property behind Pettengill House>Well sourced Steam Shingle Mill run by Peter Bill, same area > Hat Factory same area.  Everett Renfew’s Cider Mill on Old Coach Road.
  • FIRE May 18, 1894 Four major Historic structures destroyed. Located at the current southside junction rte 4 and rte 127, West to East:
  •    #1)  The Parsonage locating:  under current rte 4. Destroyed n full.
  •    #2) Grand Army Hall, Fire started roof, next. Two story. First store in the village and perhaps town: First floor with small stock. Second story; Dancehall. Destroyed in full.
  •   #3)   Greenough Store, see below next.         Destroyed in full.
  •   #4)  Kearsarge Cottage Lodging was the largest dwelling house at the time and run by Mrs. Chapman  as a summer boarding home. Owned by Amos Chapman. Destroyed in full.
  • THE GRANGE: Academy Hall Building
  • SCHOOLS:  3 Schoolhouse see Old Schoolhouses
  • POST OFFICE: South Road Post Office, possibly in at least 3 separate locations over time.
  • STORES:  Greenough Store destroyed by fire 1894, Southside of rte 127 near Crossroads. Greenleaf Store 1794 built northside of ret 127 near Crossroads,  nestled in between corner colonial and Congregational Church at the  junction of rte 127 & rte 4. See photo below.  store and transfer place for goods on the N/S journey> Hills Store 1906> Margaret Adams Gerry’s Red Tea House 1934-1940> removed 1969 by owner Ward Knight.  Peter Bill’s Ice Cream Stand sometime between ca 1930-1948.  Rene Beaudoin Store from his home for twenty years prior to the mid 1960’s. He sold groceries, some fruit, drug store and medicine over the counter. In the mid 1960’s Rte 4 was extended straight through the farmland of Rene Beaudioin making Rte 4 a straight road through the Crossroads. Rene operated a grocery on the westside of rte 4 just south of the Crossroads. It can be seen in the aerial photo below.
  • TELEPHONE COMPANY: operations
  • FILLING STATIONS: See photos below.
  • CEMETERY: South Road Village
  • BLACKSMITH SHOP: Sherm Fellow’s Backsmith Shop corner of Bog road, east of crossroads on South range Road (rte 127)

“The Crank”

Prior to 1965 the Fourth New Hampshire Turnpike (Route 4), a major north/south roadway from earliest times, came up through Salisbury in the same way Old Coach Road currently does.  It took an eased turn westerly at Academy Hall joining the South Range Road (Route 127).  At the intersection, shown in the image below, the South Range Road continued westerly towards Webster and Warner as it currently does. The Fourth NH Turnpike turned right towards points north (Andover and onward to Hanover and Dartmouth College). It was referred to as “The Crank” because it had 2 angular turns to it.

According to John Dearborn, Chapter XXX, History of Salisbury NH:

” Formerly this village was a great center for trade, and its hotels were resorts for travelers, teamsters and the farmers from the north , who brought their products to market. With the opening of the railroads, the business rapidly decreased and the South Road Village, like that at the Centre, gave indications of decline.”

Efforts are underway to gather more photographs of the various enterprises and home images that existed in the old “South Road Village”. If you can  provide any images or data please contact the webmaster: online@salisburyhistoricalsociety.org

Today the crossroads area of Route 4 and Route 127 remains a well traveled junction with three thriving small businesses and lovely homes.


PRIOR TO 1882

In the image below, the large building at the intersection was a tavern operated by Lt. Benjamin Pettingill, Lyman Hawley and others.  It was then transformed into a Temperance House and was well known as such.   A fire destroyed it on July 15, 1882 at which time it had been known as Elm House. The building that now occupies that north west corner was moved from Mutton Road. Note the curve of the road to head north, clipping a large part of the existing homes lot on the corner. It appears the hitching posts are still in place today. There was a grassy triangle with a large flagpole. The road went southwesterly (Mutton Rd.), westerly to Webster and Warner, northernly to Andover and easterly to Franklin. It did not go south to Boscawen as there were structures there pre fire and no road. Rte 4 was created in the late 1960’s. The road went south was Old Stagecoach.

South Road Village

Looking westerly, South Road Village, intersection prior to the fire of July 1882 which destroyed the Inn on the left. Visible are fences in the foreground belonging to 4 substantial building destroyed in 1895 by fire: The Parsonage, The Grand Army Hall, Greenough’s Store, Mrs. Chapmans’s “Kearsarge Cottage” loding

 

Salisbury Hotel

Current house, roof altered & standing, at junction of rte 127 and rte 4

Around 1780 Samuel Greenleaf built this store (no longer in existence) at the Crossroads, north east corner on what is now rte 4 near the telephone building.  It was at one time also called the John White Store. It became a glove factory and also a store run by John Huntoon. It was a shoe store in 1858. The store burned ca 1947.  Shortly after constructing the store Mr. Greenleaf constructed the house which currently sits on the corner. It is shown in this photo with a federal roof which was replaced after 1937. This junction referred to as “The Crank” made the gentle northerly turn towards Andover at the granite posts in front of the house (still in existence).  From the two photos above one can see a triangular green with a flagpole in the junction of the South Range Road (rte 127, Mutton Road and Old Turnpike). It was a widely used road however from these photos it looks rather narrow.


AFTER 1895 looking easterly down what is now Rte 127.

Note: Date of this photo is speculative. The other photo showing the South Road Village above prior to the fire of 1895 indicates front fences and the structures which no longer exist in this photo. Visible is the existing Brooks House at the junction of Rte 127 and Old Coach Road. By deduction we can guess the date is after 1895 when fire destroyed the four buildings on this site. The Post Office/Store? was reconstructed likely where the Crossroads Country Store now sits. Originally it may have been slightly east at the site of Greenough’s Store which was destroyed by that fire. The Crossroads Country Store lists its inception as 1850.

E.D. Little Postcard showing the old Post Office/Store? at “The Crank” (Crossroads) dated Aug 21,1914

 

Cunliff Store and Post Office

 

Barton’s Store and Post Office showing a newer entrance and Mobiloil pumps The store is known today as the Crossroads Country Store and remains a thriving convenience store and gas station. The Post Office for the entire Town of Salisbury is now in its own building.  It is located slightly south of the crossroads on Route 4.


North side of what is now rte 127:  

Greenleaf  Store/Hills Store/Red Tea House

Excerpt from The History of Salisbury NH, by John  J Dearborn 1890,  p 347:

greenleaf

 

South Road Village, Greenleaf Store

Greenleaf Store/Hills Store 1912-1914 Dr. Beaton’s Stanley Steamer

 

South Road VIllage, Hill Store

 

South Road Village, Red Store Tea Room

Hill Store then Red Store Tea Room 1934-1940, Margaret Adams Gerry

South Road Village, Red Tea Store

Red Store Tea Room, Congregational Church

 Four images of the store from Salisbury Lost by Paul S. Shaw, M.D. 1995

1960's
 Photo late 1960’s- last days of the Greenleaf/Hill Store and Red Tea House store courtesy of Ellen McEvoy
The last use of the “Red Tea House” was Summerstuff. 
The following excerpts are from recent communications with Ellen McElvoy previous owners of the home and store which is no longer in existence:
The Red Tea House, by the time we lived there, had not been used for many years, not much more than 10 feet from the house. We cleaned up a bunch of junk, trash, etc., and got the electricity working in order to run Summerstuff Learning Center during summer 1970.
It was a bit like a day camp. I had just earned my M.Ed. degree and was preparing to teach first and second grades in the fall. I got this crazy idea to run this program. In addition to taking classes, I had been doing some teaching at the U, and I recruited a young couple (for $10 a week each, plus room and board) and Sue Rineer from Boscawen to help out. The kids were mostly elementary age. A handful were younger, and sometimes some slightly older ones stopped by to play basketball. There was no registration, no insurance, so nothing…just books, toys, some crafts–a semi-organized way to spend the morning. Parents would drop kids off…  it was a simpler time! 
The house included several attached sheds that stretched back from the kitchen, the barn, and a 3-story building that I believe was a major store on the east-west route across NH during the Civil War.
A video taken that summer shows the children hard at play under the guidance of their caretakers. It may be the last images of the building in existence. Ellen generously left a copy of the video at the Salisbury Free Library for all to enjoy.

After 1965 the “crank” S curve of the Fourth NH Turnpike (Route 4) was eliminated and a curved but less angular road was created through the farmland of Rene Beaudoin creating more of a crossroads. He built a wonderful farm stand on Route 4 sometime after 1965 and it was still in existence in 1971. It can be seen in the left hand corner of this aerial view taken between 1965-1968. Photo includes the Red Tea House structure, still standing, next to Congregational Church. Today the South Road Village area in Salisbury is better known as “The Crossroads”.


South Road Graveyard

The Salisbury P.O. Graveyard or South Road Graveyard is located just off the crossroads going East, on north side of the road, behind a home near the Congregational Church.


The Salisbury Congregational Church 

Currently the Salisbury Congregational Church is located in the South Road Village area (Crossroads) but this was not always so.  Please download the following compiled by David Rapalyea:  Salisbury’s First Meeting House


Sherm Fellows Blacksmith Shop. Originally was the site of a Methodist Church for a brief while around 1858. Replaced by Blacksmith Shop. Existed for many years on the east corner of Bog Road and rte 127. Removed shortly after 1946.


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